Smartphone Batteries Don’t Last Forever, So You Need To Maintain Yours Properly

Smartphone Batteries Don’t Last Forever, So You Need To Maintain Yours Properly

Lithium batteries generally power today’s smartphones and tablets. In your lifetime, you’ve probably owned a half-dozen or more smartphones. Every device features a battery with a specific rated capacity. Did you know the actual capacity can vary from battery to battery? Typically, the average smartphone owner doesn’t understand how their smartphone’s battery works or what care should be taken. There’s a lot to learn about these batteries, and you can take various steps to maximize a battery’s lifespan.

A Quick Bit Of History On Batteries In Smartphones

Early smartphones utilized nickel-cadmium batteries to keep devices running. Nickel-cadmium batteries suffered from a memory effect as well as other shortcomings. Awhile back, smartphone manufacturers started to use lithium-ion batteries instead. Lithium-ion batteries are smaller, more efficient, and they last quite some time before needing to be replaced. Arguments could be made for either type of battery, but lithium-based batteries long ago established themselves as the battery of choice for smartphones.

Manufacturers Build Smartphone’s With A Specific Lithium-Ion Battery Capacity

When a manufacturer builds a smartphone, the device features a lithium-ion battery with a rated capacity. This is the official rating for the battery in milliampere hours (mAh). As previously mentioned, this number is the official rating rather than the exact rating. Small differences in manufactured batteries means your smartphone’s battery capacity could come slightly above or slightly below that mark. You don’t have to worry about getting a battery that’s more than a few mAh off the official rating, though.

Manufacturers Also Like To Seal Batteries With No Option For Removal

In years past, smartphone makers created devices with removable batteries. You’d pop off the back cover of the phone, and you’d have immediate access to the battery. This was necessary to hard reset some devices, and the situation made it possible to replace a dying smartphone battery. Lithium-ion batteries don’t last forever, and they often don’t last more than a few years. As smartphones became thinner and lighter, manufacturers moved toward making batteries non-removable.

Most of today’s smartphones hide the battery behind proprietary screws and plenty of other obstacles. Some manufacturers might cite safety as a reason for embedding batteries with no option for removal. However, others will tell you that doing so prevents you from replacing a battery yourself. You’ll instead have to send the device to the manufacturer and pay a hefty fee for a replacement battery. Millions of consumers lament past days where accessing the battery took less than five seconds.

How To Properly Care For Your Smartphone’s Battery

Proper battery care and maintenance is surrounding by dozens of myths. You’ll find a lot of misinformation related to smartphone batteries for one reason or another. For instance, many people take battery maintenance tips for nickel-cadmium batteries and apply them to lithium-ion batteries. All of the same rules don’t apply to both types of batteries, though. Therefore, you’ll want to follow this guide on how to properly maintain your smartphone’s battery throughout the course of ownership.

The average lithium-ion battery holds up over 1,000 full charge and discharge cycles. Whether you charge your battery 1% or 100%, every charge counts toward a partial cycle. You’ll start to notice that battery life begins to suffer after 500 or so full cycles. A smartphone might only last an hour or two per charge by the time 1,000 cycles come and go. For heavy smartphone users, a battery might be done for after a year. Lighter users might get ample use out of the battery for three or more years instead.

What To Do WIth A Brand New Smartphone

When you get a new smartphone, you’ll want to charge the device to 100% before doing anything else. This particular tidbit is a recommendation rather than a mandatory action. Long-term harm from turning on the phone without charging it is highly unlikely, Still, it’s nice to start ownership of a new phone with a fully charged battery. You don’t have to charge the device for 12 to 24 hours, like some manufacturers recommend. That guideline pertains to nickel-cadmium batteries rather than lithium-ion.

What Are Your Charging Habits Like With Your Smartphone?

Charging habits have a lasting impact on the health of your phone’s battery. Some people believe you should keep devices charged to 100% as often as possible. On the other hand, some think you need to let the phone discharge to 0% on a regular basis. Both of these steps will leave you with a dead battery sooner rather than later. Lithium-ion batteries are healthy and happy while in a charged range from 20% to 80%. Of course, your battery won’t become unusable or die for good outside of this range.

Most of us like to plug in our smartphones while going to bed and then taking it off the charger in the morning. Unfortunately, this leads to dozens of “micro-charges” throughout the night, and your battery receives unnecessary wear and tear from so much charging. You’ll want to keep your phone charged between 20% and 80% to avoid putting too many unnecessary charging cycles on the device. Your phone doesn’t need to be fully charged every day, and better charging habits keep the battery healthy.

Temperature Can Kill A Battery In Multiple Ways

While using a smartphone, you should avoid extremely cold or extremely hot temperatures. A smartphone heats up during use, but it’s designed to withstand normal operating temperatures. Leaving your phone out in the sun, however, could heat up the battery and damage it. Extreme heat could cause the battery to swell up and catch fire, or even explode. Similarly, extreme cold puts unnecessary wear on the battery. Don’t expose your device to temperature extremes, or the battery could meet a premature end.

What Is The Future Of Smartphone Batteries?

Scientists across the globe continue to develop new battery technologies. None of them have proven viable for the consumer market (smartphones, tablets, laptops, etc.) yet. At this point, developments in lithium-ion batteries have reached somewhat of a climax. Scientists can only stuff so much energy into each battery, and nobody wants to walk around with a brick of a smartphone in their pocket. Promising batteries involving graphene and other materials may materialize in the next decade.

Until that happens, we’re stuck with the tried and true lithium-ion battery. You should take the time to properly care for and maintain your smartphone’s battery. Chances are you can’t replace the battery by popping out the old one and putting in a new one. Plenty of consumers simply replace their smartphone as the battery starts to hold less and less of a charge. With that in mind, proper care can prolong the life of a given lithium-ion battery by a noticeable amount of time.

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Saving Money When Buying a Smartphone: How to Decide What’s Important

Saving Money When Buying a Smartphone: How to Decide What’s Important

Smartphones come at a staggering array of price points, and individuals on nearly any budget can find an adequate phone. While paying for a premium model will almost always result in a great experience, those looking to spend a bit less will need to find out what features of their phones are most important. Here are a few of the features that drive up the price of phones and some tips for deciding which features are most important to you.

Storage Space

One of the primary differences between price points on a particular model is the amount of storage space the phone has, so determine how much you’ll need. The lowest-price phones often come with only 8 GB of memory, and much of this memory will be used by the operating system itself, often only leaving a few GB of space left. While this is sufficient for a minority of phone users, most people will want at least 16 GB. For those who want space for many apps, especially games, upgrading to 32 GB might be a wise decision. Storing songs and video files on your phone will also demand more space, although many people rely on streaming services instead of internal storage. Check if the phone you’re interested in can hold an external SD card if you’re interested in carrying your music collection with you instead of streaming.

Screen Resolution

Smartphone resolutions have increased dramatically over the years, and some smartphones have resolutions higher than those used to project films in theaters. However, even the lowest-cost phones have resolutions that are perfectly adequate, and 720p resolution provides a crisp and clear image when streaming videos. Devices with a higher resolution typically provide a slightly more crisp look for text, making them better suited for web browsing and other reading. Still, the difference can be fairly minimal, so try out a lower-resolution device and determine if it’s sufficient for your needs. Lower-resolution devices have another advantage: better battery life.

Battery Capacity

More battery life is always better, but cutting-edge batteries are often expensive. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to estimate the battery life of a potential phone, but reviews and specifications can provide some guidance. While being able to use your phone all day is a nice perk, those who work at a desk typically have access to a charger, so recharging is simple. Furthermore, those who don’t use their phones for heavy gaming or other activities might find a smaller battery to be more than adequate for making it through an entire day or even longer. If you’re concerned about using your phone in places where outlets aren’t available, consider picking up a phone with a replaceable battery so you can carry an extra with you when needed.

Build Material

One of the primary differences between premium phones and other devices is the materials they’re built from. Although there are some exceptions, premium devices typically use materials other than plastic. However, plastic has a number of advantages over metal devices, as it won’t dent. Plastic won’t shatter like glass can. Although they may lack a premium feel, using a phone made of plastic can be a great way to save money. Furthermore, many people place their phones in cases, and premium materials do little to enhance the phone experience if they’re placed behind a case. However, it’s still worth looking at overall build quality, as some phones are built to a higher quality regardless of what material they’re made of.

Screen Size

In the past, phones with larger screens almost always cost more than their smaller counterparts. While this isn’t always the case today, smaller phones still generally cost less. Small screens have advantages as well: They can be easier to carry and hold while you’re talking. It’s always worth trying out phones when you have the opportunity, so note the size of screens when you’re exploring various phones. If a larger screen would enhance the experience, budget a bit more to purchase a larger device. If you prefer the easy-to-grip design of small phones, they can be a great way to cut back on costs.

Gaming Performance

All phones sold today have sophisticated GPUs in place that can provide rich 3D gaming performing. Some premium devices, however, place a larger emphasis on gaming performance than less expensive devices. If you’re only interested in casual games, or have no interest in gaming at all, feel free to ignore these capabilities, as your phone will have the graphical capabilities needed to stream video handle web browsing adequately. If you want to push mobile gaming to its limits, on the other hand, consider investing in a phones with a more capable GPU.

Camera Resolution and Features

Smartphone screens have advanced tremendously over the years, and premium phones can take excellent photographs. For those not terribly interested in photo quality, however, it might be worth placing less of an emphasis on the camera’s resolution. Furthermore, many current smartphones use multiple lenses for the main camera, but the benefits can be minor. Smartphone cameras provide amazing quality for their small size, but even the most expensive cameras can’t match the quality of a standalone camera. If you take photography as a hobby seriously, consider saving money on your smartphone and instead invest in a camera.

Even the least expensive smartphone is capable of handling phone calls, web browsing, video streaming, and navigation well. Considering how often we use our smartphones, however, it’s worth spending a bit extra to make the experience a better one. Fortunately, those willing to look at phones outside of a single manufacturer have plenty of great options to choose from at nearly all price points. If you’re on the market for a new phone, make of list of the features that are most important to use. Start doing your research early, as your ideal phone might be one that hasn’t yet been released but that’s coming on the market soon. A bit of research can go a long way toward helping you make a purchase you’ll enjoy until it’s time for your next upgrade.

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Foldable Smartphones are the Future. Should You Care?

Foldable Smartphones are the Future. Should You Care?

Foldable phones are shaping up to be the next big trend in the smartphone world. The idea is to use the famous OLED technology to produce smartphones that can fold in half. Think a flip phone, but sideways. That would allow you to have a regular five-inch cellphone that can open into what essentially is a ten-inch tablet.

Many companies are pursuing that idea. But Apple, Samsung, and Huawei are the three biggest names in the folding race right now — with the latter two on track to release a new model soon, maybe even before the end of 2018. Samsung’s fabled foldable phone, in particular, has been the object of much media attention, and leaks indicate the phone already has a name: the Samsung Galaxy X.

However, should you even care? Innovation is good, sure. It’ll be good to see a deviation from the brick-shaped handset design we’ve been using since the release of the iPhone 1. But innovation is pointless if it doesn’t actually improve the user experience.

In fact, the market already has at least one foldable phone, and if that’s the future, it doesn’t look very promising. The phone in question is the ZTE Axon M, released in November of 2017.

#ZTE Axon M

The Axon M is an Android smartphone with a 5.2” LCD display that was released at the $700,00 range. Its biggest feature, however, is the second LCD screen located on the back of the phone, which can fold out until it was parallel to the phone’s main screen, essentially turning the device into a 10” tablet.

That allowed the user do some cool things with the phone, like running two apps side by side, or mirroring the screen on both displays so two people could watch and interact with the phone while sitting across from each other.

However, the phone wasn’t exactly a tablet hybrid. Since LCD is glass and can’t fold, there was a clean black line between the two screens. Meaning that trying to watch a video in tablet mode looked less like a tablet and more like watching something extended across two monitors that are pressed side by side — the boundaries of the screens cut right through the middle of the video, creating a rift that looked like a black line.

Second, there was a clear problem that comes of having twice as many glass surfaces on your phone, with one in the front and the other in the back. As one YouTube commenter was quick to point out: “So doesn’t matter what side I drop it… RIP screen.”

#The Pros of a Foldable Future

The future, however, is shaping up to cut back on the drawbacks of the Axon M. The key to that lays in one relatively old technology that has been making plenty of headlines lately: OLED.

Unlike LCD displays, OLED screens can be made out of flexible materials, such as plastic. Meaning an OLED screen can actually fold in half, creating a device composed of a single screen that can be opened and closed, rather than two parallel screens. In other words, no black line between the two halves of your display.

The flexibility of OLED screens also means they can take some impact without breaking. Furthermore, unlike LCDs, OLED does not require backlighting to function, which greatly decreases their battery cost.

A good foldable phone would give you the phone-tablet hybrid of your dreams. Imagine a 12” tablet that you can easily fold and put in your pocket? The option of having a screen composed of two — or several — moving parts also opens the doors to phone interactivity we haven’t even thought about yet, like using apps or playing games that can detect the movement of one side of the screen or the other.

Finally, there is the possibility of extinguishing the need for separation between a low-definition frontal and a high definition rear camera. The Axon M, for example, has only one 20 Megapixel camera that faces you by default. If you want to use “rear” camera functions, all you have to do is turn the phone around; use the back screen to take the picture.

But of course, it’s not all roses for the foldable phone idea. Especially not in the next couple of years, when the technology is still going to be at its infancy.

#The Cons of Foldable Phones

While the use of OLED will mitigate some of the problems we saw with the Axon M, it won’t make them all magically disappear.

First, foldable phones are bound to be bulky. You just can’t escape adding extra thickness and weight when you add a second screen to the phone, not with the current technology at least. The folded screen won’t just disappear when you aren’t using it, after all. And if patent filings from companies like Microsoft and Samsung are any indications, it seems we’re moving towards a future where the folding mechanism relies on hinges between the two parts of the screen, which adds more bulk to the phone.

The Axon M, for example, it’s 12.2 millimeters thick. That isn’t a lot, but it’s still 58% more than the iPhone X. It’s also 32% heavier, at 230 grams.

Folding phones also means more complexity, which means more places where things can go wrong. Both screens have to work well, they have to fold without wearing out over time, the complex folding mechanisms need to stay in balance, and the software has to keep up with all of that.

Finally, OLED itself is also a problem. Currently, the technology is still expensive, and it may be one of the reasons why future folding phones will be on the costlier side of the phone spectrum. On top of that, there are plenty of technological hardships associated with the technology that are being worked out. OLEDs are weak to Water, UV light, and their first interactions had a smaller lifespan than its competitors.

The Galaxy X was being hinted at back in 2015, dubbed Project Valley at the time; and Samsung had expressed an interest in folding phones as early as 2013. Working out the quirks of the OLED technology it’s thought to be one of the reasons Samsung has been taking so long to develop the foldable future they dream of.


It seems like the decision to get a foldable phone or not will depend solely on how much you value screen real state. If you’re someone who regularly carries tablets around, a foldable may save you the trouble of bringing extra hardware with you.

For now, all we can do is wait and see. The first OLEDs to hit the market will determine if this trend is here to stay, or if it’ll be another footnote in smartphone history.


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How to Maximize Your Phone’s Lifespan

How to Maximize Your Phone’s Lifespan

Even though smartphones are getting thinner and lighter, they’re still becoming more durable. Unlike early smartphones, today’s phones are typically tested to ensure their longevity, and technology is constantly evolving to make phones easier to use and less likely to become damaged through typical use. However, it’s still worth taking a few basic steps to prevent possible problems with your phone. Here are a few guidelines for avoiding common problems with smartphones and other smart devices.

Consider a Case

Cases add a bit of bulk to smartphones, but this extra size and weight provides protection against drops. Although a case won’t ensure you avoid a cracked screen or other damage, they do provide a bit of robustness that can mean the difference between an intact phone and a broken one. Not all cases are the same. If you have a history of dropping your phone, it might be worth investing in a more rugged case. If you’d prefer to preserve your phones look, consider a case that only covers the sides and not the back. As phones continue to become thinner, many people are finding they prefer a thicker device than is available on the market. Cases can provide a better feel for many people, and textured cases can help prevent your phone from slipping during long conversations.

Learn What Causes Scratches

Glass is a surprisingly hard material, and only harder materials can cause scratches. Metal, no matter how sharp, won’t scratch a smartphone’s screen, so don’t worry too much about car keys or other metal items causing scratches. One of the most common causes of smartphone scratches is sand, which can be harder than the glass on a phone’s screen. Wipe your phone screen gently, as wiping away sand or other small materials too harshly can lead to scratching. If you typically carry your smartphone in a purse or backpack, consider picking up a case that covers the screen to avoid scratching.

Updates Are Important

Smartphones are computers, and they need to be maintained like any other computer. Make sure to run security updates promptly, as failing to do so can leave your phone vulnerable to hacks, potentially compromising your information. App updates are important as well, as vulnerabilities in programs you run can lead to problems as well. If updates fail for any reason, make sure to talk with experts to find out how to resolve the issue.

Take Care of Your Battery

Modern smartphones are designed to maximize the life of batteries, but there are steps you can take to prevent premature wear. Try to avoid letting your battery drain completely, as doing so can shorten its lifespan; developing a habit of plugging in your phone every morning or evening can help keep it topped off. However, experts also advise against leaving your phone plugged in once its completely charged. Letting your battery drain a bit helps keep it functioning optimally. Note, however, that batteries inevitably lose their capacity, so consider picking a phone with a replaceable battery if you plan on using it for the long term.

Keep Your Phone Dry

Many phones on the market are advertised as being water resistant, and many that don’t advertise that feature can still function after being submerged in water. However, it’s still best to keep your phone dry whenever possible. Small cracks can make a water-resistant phone vulnerable to water damage. Furthermore, saltwater can still build up on a phone, potentially causing scratching and other issues. If your phone stops working after being submerged, give it time to dry completely before trying to power it on again. Note that the rice trick, which involves placing your phone in a container of rice, isn’t advised by most experts. It has little effect on drying out your phone, and small rice particles can become embedded in your phone. Silica gel packets, on the other hand, can safely speed up the drying process.

Be Wary of Non-Standard Apps

Android phones can be set to sideload apps, which lets you run programs not installed via the official store. Furthermore, third-party stores are common as well. Some people jailbreak their iPhones, which lets them run programs not found in the App Store. If you’re interested in running such apps, be careful, as malware is a growing problem with smartphones. These apps can sometimes capture information covertly, which can lead to identity theft and other problems. People often use their phones for banking and other critical tasks, so ensure any third-party app you install comes from a trusted source, such as Amazon or other established companies.

Avoid Temperature Extremes

Extreme temperatures can have a number of effects on smartphones. Hot and cold temperatures can shorten a battery’s lifespan, and phone screens and other parts sometimes fail to work properly in especially hot or cold temperatures. While those who live in hot or cold regions have little choice when it comes to smartphone temperatures, avoiding keeping a phone in a car when the temperature is hot can help you avoid issues. It’s generally best to keep your phone indoors as much as possible, especially if rain or snow is likely.

Streamline Your Apps

Today’s smartphones are often able to store a seemingly unlimited number of apps, but uninstalling apps to save space can be wise even if you have plenty of room left. Phone storage components wear down over time, and smartphones can spread information across the storage space to slow this degradation. Freeing up space offers more room for this process. Furthermore, uninstalling apps helps keep you interface from becoming cluttered, helping you find apps more quickly. Some apps run in the background, which can cost you bandwidth and lead to poorer performance. If you haven’t used an app in an extended period of time, think about if you’re likely to use it again in the future.

Smartphones are better than ever, and they’ll continue evolving over time. Although devices are more rugged and durable than ever before, a bit of caution and maintenance can go a long way toward ensuring your phone lasts as long as possible.

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Seven New Smartphone Features For 2019

Seven New Smartphone Features For 2019

Every year the premium smartphone market gets a little more competitive. Both sales and revenue continue to increase every year and so far show no signs of slowing down. In order to entice new customers to their brands, manufacturers are hard at work on some exciting new features for the coming year. Let’s take a look at seven of the most interesting new developments we hope to see in 2019.

Triple-sensor Cameras Finally Arrive

High-quality cameras in smartphones have proven to be a popular draw with consumers, and manufacturers have realised the importance of continued improvement in imaging technology. Recent phones have integrated two separate camera lenses and sensors in the back of the phone, one wide-angle and one long-distance lens. The images generated by the two lenses are then combined on the phone for the best possible picture. This new field of computational photography offers some exciting possibilities. It is widely expected that many manufacturers will make the leap to triple-sensor cameras on their new flagship phones. The extra sensor could allow improved low-light pictures. We also expect to see additional image stabilisation built into these cameras, allowing steady photos and videos even when filming handheld.

Enhanced Privacy Protection

2018 will be remembered as the year in which consumers finally became aware of the huge volume of information held on them by social media giants and advertising companies. This trove of data contains details about almost every aspect of their lives, and a number of scandals involving large companies has shown that this data can be quite easily lost, stolen or used for political purposes. Many customers are now showing an increased desire to control their own personal information more closely and protect how it is used. Apple is taking a leading role in this movement, restricting heavily the extent to which advertisers can track their customers. It is becoming much more common for users to install their own ad-blocking software measures. We can expect hardware and software companies to take notice of this trend in the next year and cater to people who place a high premium on digital privacy.

Fully Waterproof Phones

In the last number of years, a number of manufacturers have made advancements in increasing the protection offered by smartphones against water damage. This is becoming increasingly necessary for premium flagship phones as the price has increased sharply over the last few generations. For example, the iPhone X now starts at over A$1500. Most high-end phones offer some level of water-resistance, which means they will survive brief exposure to liquids. Now manufacturers seek to make the phones entirely waterproof. This will involve careful engineering of the charging port and the grilles used for the speaker and microphone. It is not a simple task to make these ports functional but also keep out any liquids. This is one of the most-requested features from customers, as anyone who has fallen into a pool with a phone in their pocket knows.

Faster Internet With 5G

A consortium of chip fabricators and phone manufacturers has been planning to make 2019 the year in which 5G will be properly integrated into smartphones for the first time. Qualcomm, who designs and sells the modems used in most phones, has indicated that they will have a consumer-level chip available in large numbers to facilitate this rollout. 5G, which will be a substantial upgrade over existing 4G networks, will potentially offer speeds one thousand times faster with latency speeds of less then one millisecond. Users could see downloads running at over 10 Gbps, allowing movies to be sent to your device in seconds. It should be noted that even if new smartphones contain 5G chips, it will take time for the necessary and expensive network upgrades to be performed, meaning these speeds may not be widely available until 2020.

Augmented Reality

The latest smartphones have a killer combination of high-resolution cameras, speedy graphic chips and fast processors. After the addition of motion tracking, along with the 3D depth-projection and scanning systems used for facial recognition, all the pieces are now in place for augmented reality software to succeed. Also known as AR, it refers to the combining of computer-generated images and real-world pictures or data into a single image. One of the first successful examples of this is Apple’s animojis, animated emojis using the front-facing camera and the 3D scanner to make onscreen characters that can exactly copy the voice and facial expressions of the user. The major game development studios are also working on games which use this same technology to overlay the gameplay onto real-life settings. This is an area with enormous potential to change the way people interact with their phones.

Under-Screen Sensors

The decision by Apple to move to a notch-based design was due to the trade-offs inherent in making the bezel as slim as possible, but also preserving the front-facing camera and some form of biometric identification for security. Some manufacturers chose to shift the fingerprint reader to the back of the phone. Others moved the selfie camera to the bottom lip of the phone, saving space but providing an unflattering angle for photos. The next year should see the first generation of fingerprint readers and front cameras which are directly integrated into the screen itself. Prototypes have already been demonstrated, and this technology is expected to be popular with phone companies and customers alike over the next year. The development of these integrated sensors will also allow the continued shrinking of phone bezels, a style trend which has been a strong driver of new phone sales.

Tough Sapphire Screens

Most manufacturers currently use Gorilla Glass in their phones, a special form of toughened glass which is extremely solid and durable. Apple and other companies have been testing out the potential of sapphire displays. Sapphire is extremely hard and resistant to scratches, but currently it is difficult to manufacture in the large quantities required for smartphones. HTC actually shipped a premium phone in 2017 using such a display but it was only sold in very small numbers. If the manufacturing challenges involved in making large flat-panel sapphire sheets can be overcome, then customers will be offered a much more durable and scratch-proof screen made from the same material currently used in luxury watches.

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